TECNOLOGY

Composting method for community

Ingredients- Husk, Wet organic waste, months old compost, jute sack.

Method:

  • Prepare a compost bed. It could be any vacant land where bricks or a plastic sheet could be...
  • Spread 2 inches thick layer of husk where you have to put the wet waste.
  • Put the wet waste on the layer of husk.
  • Mix the husk and the wet waste with the metal rack.
  • Spray a mixture of 2 litres of water and 250 grams of cow dung on it.
  • Then put a thin layer of husk and cover it with jute sack.
  • This process will continue till the height of the heap of wet waste reaches to 3 – 3.5 feet.
  • Mix the wet waste on the compost bed once every 7 days.
  • On 9th week, sift the compost from the wet waste.
  • Leave the sifted compost for 1 month. The compost will be ready for use after that.

Composting method for house hold

Day 0:

a. First a family must decide a place 4 feet long in the house for composting. This place should be airy, away from direct sunlight and where people don’t go in that area often; places like underneath the stair case, balcony, on the terrace, back of the house, garden, etc. Make a shed if there is direct sunlight.

b. Arrange three pots of mud or plastic with its lids; pot A,B, and C. The size of the pot will depend on the size of the family. A person produces around 100 grams of wet waste per day. Accordingly, if there are 5 members in a family then it will produce around 500 grams of wet waste per day and 3.5 – 4kg in 7 days.

c. In all the three pot, make 4 holes 3 inches below the lid of the pots, 4 holes on 3 inches above the base and one hole on the base of the pot.

d. Collect all the other ingredients mentioned in the list including the pot for composting.

e. Keep the pots on the place decided. Then keep a small plastic container under the base of the composting pot.

Day 1-7 (Pot A)

Put the wet waste in Pot A everyday. The size of the waste should size of the waste should not be bigger than the size of a lemon. Sprinkle the paddy husk on top of the waste. Keep on sprinkling the husk till the entire waste is completely covered with it. Now cover it with a newspaper and the lid close the lid of the pot. If there is any odour in the process then add neem powder to it.

Day 8- (Pot A)

Add 2 table spoon of bacteria powder in Pot A and mix it well with a metal rack then spray water on it with the help of a spray pot. Then cover it properly with a newspaper, cover the lid of the pot and leave it for 14 days. Check the moisture every 2 days.

Day 8-14 (Pot B)

Now, follow the procedure of pot A for pot B every day.

Day 8-14 (Pot B)

Now, follow the procedure of pot A for pot B every day.

Day 15 (Pot B)

Follow the procedure of Day 8 of the pot A for pot B. Then leave the pot for 21 days.

Pot C: Transfer the compost of Pot A to Pot C, mix it well with a metal rack and spray water on it with a spray pot.

Day 15 – 21 (Pot A)

Follow the same procedure on Day 1- 7 of pot A every day.

Day 22

  • Follow the Day 8 procedure of Pot A
  • Put the compost of Pot C in jute or a plastic bag and leave it in open for 15 days. After 15 days sift the compost with the help of a sieve and use it.
  • Pot C: Now, transfer the compost of Pot B into Pot C, mix it well with a metal rack and spray water on it with the help of a spray pot. Now, close the lid of the pot and leave it for 7 days.

Day 22 – 28

Now do the procedure of Day 1 – 7 of pot A with Pot B.

Day 29

  • Follow the procedure of Day 8th in Pot B
  • Put the compost of Pot C in jute or plastic bag.
  • Now, transfer the compost of Pot A in Pot C and following the whole procedure again.

IT'S EASY

Keeping the same category of waste together is easy as it sound. And if someone says keeping the dry and wet waste separately it sounds difficult to people. The interesting fact is that they are both the same thing. The truth is considering it easy or difficult is a psychological thing. But keeping waste of same category together or keeping wet and dry waste separately, whatever one says is not a rocket science. It is pretty simple. All you need is 2 separate bins, one for wet and one for dry waste. That it! What is all the fuss about it being difficult? You don’t have to perform any ceremony before throwing your vegetable cutting into the wet waste bin or dance before throwing chocolate wrapper in a dry waste bin. You will throw it the same way you did before, just in different bins side by side. The only difference you will be making in a step towards a cleaner and a safer environment around you.

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