Long before the existence Shunya Kuda Service, even before its idea crossed the minds of the team, Sunai Consultancy was working on a larger picture “NIWASI SABHA”, an initiative of Sunai to bring together the residents of an area to discuss the common problems and find their solution collectively. Sunai organizes and facilitates meetings of residents “NIWASI SABHA”. The team initiated this with a vision in mind that if the people of the society come together in such meetings and talk then they could acknowledge the problems and can find a solution for the problems as well. The team did notice the common issues amongst all the meetings: problem of garbage, dump, littering (cleanliness); elementary education; government’s benefits/social security like old age pension, ration, etc; over speeding of vehicles on the streets of colonies; excessive dust particles in air; parking; etc. Amongst all these issues, the most common issue was garbage and cleanliness. The team stepped up and took initiative for this and hence Shunya Kuda was born.
Instituted in March 2017 by Sunai Consultancy, Shunya Kuda started making compost out of wet waste from 2-3 household in their office campus with a thought in mind to inspire people to make compost in their own house. In June 21st, 2017, the company turned on the ignition of the business and started providing waste management services to 70-80 households in Danapur area in plot of 500 sq feet for nearly 3months. In this time period, the team tried different methods of composting and finally concluded that the method “Windrow” is best suited to us because of it cost efficiency and labour intensive nature; hence decided to stick with this method for future. The company didn’t extend the number of household they served for a while as the team was waiting to increase its capacity first through leasing a larger plot of land. After leasing a plot of 5000 sq feet, the team began to serve 500 household in September 2017. Soon, in December 2017, the team started serving 1000 households due to the increased capacity of 25000 sq feet plot and expects to serve 4000 – 5000 households with the current capacity and set up.
Being in the waste management service for a while now, we can say that it is a business with a scope of good return with its complimenting nature of using less capital, not just a social responsibility. The business has three main phases of operation: collection, recycle and reducing through composting and other end product. The collecting phase requires more of labour than capital assets i.e. trucks and other collecting vehicles, making this phase labour intensive. The next phase is of recycling. Time and labour cost is saved as the waste collected from households is handed over segregated. The wet waste is then sent directly to the composting bed for composting and the dry waste to sale after further manual uniform segregation. The compost along with other end products like meat, eggs, etc is sold, bringing revenue to the company.
The wet organic waste cannot be recycled but still is a resource. It is reduced and converted into organic compost. The compost along with other end products like eggs, meat, etc is sold in the market, adding revenue to the business. There are more uses of the wet organic waste other than composting. The wet organic waste contains components like left-over of fruits and vegetables which are used as food for poultry, goatary, etc. Just by keeping wet organic waste separately, a number of revenue sources or scopes for business are created; 200 hens can be fed with the wet waste out of 500 household in one month, same goes for goats, 12 goats on 500 houses, and 200 hens along with ducks on 500 houses. They will feed on the organic wet waste and provide end products like eggs and meat for revenue without putting any variable cost on their feed. When the dustbins of the wet waste are washed, the dirty water is drained in the pond which works as the food for the fishes inside the pond. The ducks serves the purpose of natural aerators of the pond, maintaining the oxygen flow in the pond which is essential for the fishes to stay alive.
As there are 3 phases of the business, the management is also done on 3 levels. All the activities of field are managed by a Field manager, which includes interaction with household; supervising, training and management of field staffs. The Site manager handles all the activities after collection which happens on the Site, from weighing the waste to handling end products, everything. The third phase is of sales of end products and other related products which is managed by the Sales Team.
Amit Ranjan is a regular guy with a 9 to 5 job residing in Ashok Nagar area in Patna. Like many people he also has a crush from gardens and flowers. He plants flowers and other herbs in pots in his small garden and takes care of them all by himself. He tried the organic compost for the first time (It was Vasundhara 3k). This is what he has to say about the results.
“मैं फूलों का शौक़ीन ज्यादा तो नहीं हूँ पर मैं अपने घर में लगभग 30 गमलों में फूल का पौधा लगाया हूँ और उसका देखभाल करता हूँ! ये काम मैं पिछले 6 - 7 सालों से कर रहा हूँ ! गमले की मिटटी को सही रखने और अच्छे फूलों के लिए मैं रासायनिक खाद के रूप में यूरिया और DAP का उपयोग करता हूँ ! इसके आलावा मैंने सरसों का खल्ली भी उपयोग करता हूँ ! इस बार मैं अपने गमले में जैविक खाद का उपयोग किया ! इसके उपयोग के बाद मैंने पाया की फूलों के आकार में कुछ बदलाव देखा ! फूलों का साइज पहले से थोड़ा बड़ा था और उसमें ज्यादा चमक था ! इसके आलावा पौधे के हरियाली भी थोड़ा ज्यादा था ! ”